Paranoid schizophrenia is a type of brain disorder, in which the person cannot distinguish between reality and fantasy. The symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia affect the way a person interacts with other people around him.
People with schizophrenia need appropriate treatment to improve their quality of life. This disorder may worsen or improve over time. Symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, negative behavior, and a tendency to end his life.
Causes and Risk Factors for Paranoid Schizophrenia
The cause of paranoid schizophrenia is not certain. This condition is thought to be genetic. However, not everyone with a family member who has paranoid schizophrenia will experience the same disorder. Other risk factors for paranoid schizophrenia include:
- Brain disorders.
- Child abuse.
- Low oxygen levels at birth.
- Separation or loss of parents at a young age.
- Being exposed to the virus as a child or before birth.
It will take several tests and evaluations to detect paranoid schizophrenia. The doctor needs to check the medical history and take a blood sample of someone who is suspected of having this brain disease. Other supporting tests include neuroimaging and psychiatric evaluation. A diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia can be concluded if a person has experienced at least two main symptoms in the past month.
Management of Paranoid Schizophrenia
Long-term treatment success depends on a combination of drugs and therapy. In severe cases, the symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia can irritate those around them. In such cases, the person may require hospitalization. Here are the drugs and therapies that a person with paranoid schizophrenia may undergo.
Medicines for people with paranoid schizophrenia are called antipsychotics. This medication helps relieve major symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations. How it works by controlling dopamine in the brain. Here are examples of antipsychotic drugs:
- Chlorpromazine (Thorazine).
- Fluphenazine (Modecate).
- Haloperidol (Haldol).
- Perphenazine (Trilafon).
- Cannabidiol (CBD Oil)
Patients need time to find the most appropriate drug and dose. For some people, it may take up to 12 weeks for the drug to have a significant effect.
Types of therapeutic treatment can include group or psychosocial therapy. Group therapy involves meeting people who are going through similar experiences. This aims to build a sense of community and help treat paranoid schizophrenia together.
Meanwhile, psychosocial therapy can help sufferers to cope with everyday life to be more effective. This method combines talk therapy with social strategies. During therapy sessions, the person will learn how to manage attention and stress.
If detected early, paranoid schizophrenia can respond well to medication and therapy. However, if the sufferer has reached a more severe stage that is at risk of endangering himself or others, hospitalization may be necessary. Especially for people who are unable to fulfill their own basic needs such as clothing, food and shelter.